Alienation and isolation in the metamorphosis essay

In addition to his body transformation, Gregor also begins to lose his sense of humanity in result of his weakening relationships between his family members.

As social creatures, humans have the need to identify themselves as one of a group, whether that group is a family, a culture, or a religion.

Metamorphosis - Alienation

This is what they And through many symbols, the entire novella depicts an allegory of isolation and alienation. Tolstoy exposes the alienation his character feels through the long and solitary hours in which Ivan constantly questions his misfortunes and rages against death while his family goes about their daily lives.

Ivan, like Gregor, is also physically isolated from his former life.

The Metamorphosis: Theme Analysis

Kafka was a German-speaking Jew in a society where Jews were oppressed. But realizing that his possessions, which represent to him his former life as a human, provide him emotional comfort, he suddenly faces a choice: His room has three doors, with a family member outside each urging him to get up and go to work so they can continue to live a lavish lifestyle.

His constant traveling limits the time he spends with his family and the decency of his conversations with his mother and father. Guilt Gregor is overburdened by guilt. Moreover, the fact that Gregor cannot communicate his thoughts and feelings to them leaves them without any connection to his human side, and consequently, they come to see him more and more as an actual insect.

Grete is so upset and revolted by the way he looks that she can hardly stand to be in the room with him, and his mother is so horrified when she sees him as she and Grete are moving his furniture that she faints.


At first, Gregor starts to worry about being late for work and as time goes on he realizes that his body is no longer human. Even though Gregor does not wish to be a salesman, his family needs him for their survival.

Gregor is the main allegory which demonstrates human kinds alienation and loss of human connection, the author does so by transforming Gregor into a filthy dung beetle. Gregor and his family become increasingly distant from each other as his family members leave him locked in his room when he transforms into an evil insect.

Symbolism in the Metamorphisis by Franz Kafka

After the change he family is unable to communicate with him because they are blinded by his outer appearance. Both Ivan Ilyich and Gregor Samsa experience in their respective tragedies a great deal of alienation, which separates them from the groups to which they have been comfortably attached for most of their lives.

Even Gregor panics only at the thought of getting in trouble at work, not at the realization that he is physically altered, and he makes no efforts to determine what caused the change or how to fix it.

Gregor never mentions a friend or someone outside his family or work that he must explain his predicam t to once he morphs into the hideous bug. Had this been a German employee, the company would not have so quickly questioned his absence.

Humans have a natural aversion to organisms such as these thus portraying his enhanced isolation from his family.

All these elements together give the story a distinct overtone of absurdity and suggest a universe that functions without any governing system of order and justice. Gregor gradually behaves more and more like an insect, not only craving different foods than he did when he was human, but also beginning to prefer tight, dark spaces, like the area under his sofa, and enjoying crawling on the walls and ceiling.Join Now Log in Home Literature Essays The Metamorphosis Alienation and Humanity in The Metamorphosis The Metamorphosis Alienation and Humanity in The Metamorphosis Timothy Sexton.

Alienation Essays (Examples)

Freedom in Isolation. Free Essay: Honors Topics in Lit 26 September Alienation of Gregor Franz Kafka’s use of social commentary in the novella The Metamorphosis illuminates. Metamorphosis is a change in physical form or structure. In The Metamorphosis, there is a literal change in the protagonist, Gregor Samsa's, physical form from a man to an insect.

This metamorphosis brings to light one of the major themes in 5/5(8). "Metamorphosis" Alienation Essay Words | 4 Pages" Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka Alienation Essay Alienation is the primary theme in Kafka's The Metamorphosis.

The use of alienation in The Metamorphosis Essay Sample

Much of early twentieth-century literature makes as its basic premise that man is alienated from his fellow humans and forced to work in dehumanizing jobs in order to survive. Isolationism in Metamorphosis and Notes from Underground World Literature: Paper 2.

The common theme in both Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Notes from Underground by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is isolationism. Both of these literary works contain different examples of isolationism in order to convey the same concept.

The use of alienation in The Metamorphosis Essay Sample. Franz Kafka’s use of social commentary in the novella The Metamorphosis illuminates destructive effects of alienation through Gregor’s life before and after his transformation into a monstrous vermin and the reactions of his family members on his new body.

Alienation and isolation in the metamorphosis essay
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