Hobbes famously considered life in Thomas Hobbes was born in and lived most of his life in England. He posited that in general, people were innately more peaceful and willing to coexist rather than compete. Many other theorists during Hobbes lifetime called him a lunatic and crazy.
Hobbes famously considered life in a state of nature to be "nasty, brutish, and short", with civilization and the authority of rulers being the only thing standing between humans and complete barbarism, exemplified by a state of constant struggle.
Locke can rightfully be considered once of the founding fathers in the philosophy of liberalism and had a Essay comparing locke and hobbes influence over both Great Britain and America. Thus in political philosophy, Hobbes favors strong, absolute monarchs and mechanisms of state control, acting as a bulwark against our tendency to regress to barbarism.
He was a strong advocate of religious toleration. Locke, on the other hand, said the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens.
Locke believed that man was a social animal by nature while Hobbes believed that man was not a social animal and that society would not exist were it not for the power of the state.
What they both share in common are beliefs in the importance of reason and ambivalent or ambiguous views of Christianity, perhaps closer to deism or agnosticism than traditional Christianity. Regardless of what it was, food, money or shelter, people were in competition, always. Locke believed in the contractual relationships of the people and government.
Despite their contrasting opinions and styles, both men are seen as influential in shaping peoplegovernment and society in general. Unlike Hobbes, he did not see a state of nature as evil but did agree that people are formed by their educations.
Contracts such as the United States Constitution, for example. Hobbes believed life was amoral rather than immoral in a state of nature. John Locke was inalso in England. Government according to Hobbes was there to protect the citizens from themselves through force and intimidation.
But Locke thought citizens should have limits imposed upon them as to what they may or may not do. This is because by his way of thinking, literally anything goes when there is no government as in a natural state. Locke famously considered the infant to be a tabula rasa or blank tabletbut containing certain innate ideas or predispositions.
Hobbes spent most of his life flourishing under a monarchy and believed that only the king should rule, and make laws. In politics, he saw civilization as based on a social contract, in which the ruled and the rulers make agreements based on mutual advantage and legitimacy is conferred on rulers by the consent of those they rule.
John Locke was much more passive and positive in outlook. According to Hobbes the only function of government is to tell people how to act. Locke, however, felt the people should have say in choosing their rulers. Hobbes was a materialist, whose account of the world was based on material causes rather than ideas and a nominalist with respect to language.
In other words, there is no moral difference between killing someone or letting them live.Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.' and find homework help for other Political Science, Philosophy, Hobbes, Thomas, Locke, John questions at.
Locke believed that man was a social animal by nature while Hobbes believed that man was not a social animal and that society would not exist were it not for the power of the state. Locke, on the other hand, said the state exists to.
Comparing John Locke and Thomas Hobbes Essay. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two political philosophers who are famous for their theories about the formation of the society and discussing man in his natural state.
Comparative Essay Of Thomas Hobbes And John Locke Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Locke believed that human nature is characterized by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed men to be selfish. Man is by nature a social animal. John Locke’s philosophy saw human nature.
Hobbes is largely known for his writing of the “Leviathan”, and Locke for authoring "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding." Included in their essays, both men discuss the purpose and structure of government, natural law, and the characteristics of man in and out of the state of nature.
(A) Comparing and contrasting the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are comparable in their basic political ideologies about man and their rights in the state of nature before they enter a civil society.Download