After Hitler was released from prison, he formally resurrected the Nazi Party. The only question is power. He used the time to produce Mein Kampf, in which he argued that the effeminate Jewish-Christian ethic was enfeebling Europe, and that Germany needed a man of iron to restore itself and build an empire.
His main rival, Ernst Rohm, was the head of the powerful Brownshirts, the para-military gang of thugs the Nazis used for violence and intimidation. Germans, looking for scapegoats, blamed bankers, Catholics, and especially the Jews.
Move towards power — [ edit ] In the German election, May the Party achieved just 12 seats in the Reichstag.
The Nazis reacted to these conditions in two ways. Theodor Wolff of Frankfurter Zeitung wrote: In the German election, May the party gained seats in the Reichstag, with 6. Lesson plans, discussion questions, term paper topics, reproducible handouts, and other resources for teaching about the rise of the Nazi Party are available here.
Those military and political leaders who were responsible claimed that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by its leftwing politicians, Communists, and Jews.
Hitler planned to do this by passing the Enabling Act, which would give him legislative and executive power for four years, plenty of time to get a stranglehold on power in Germany.
However, after narrowly escaping death in the Night of the Long Knives inhe no longer dared criticise the regime and was sent off to Vienna as German ambassador.
Also, the war had created an unstable economy that was overly dependent on financial support from the United States. His Putsch, as it was called, was a total disaster, but the resulting trial earned Hitler a good deal of publicity as a national hero defending German honor against domestic violence and foreign humiliation.
The driving force of the most important changes in this world have been found less in scientific knowledge animating the masses but rather in a fanaticism dominating them and in a hysteria which drives them forward.
To many, it seemed that the Weimar system of liberal democracy had failed and that a At this time the SA began a period of deliberate antagonism to the Rotfront by marching into Communist strongholds and starting violent altercations.
First, Hitler was a master of dividing and attacking his enemies one by one. Inhaving failed to get into the Austrian army, he crossed into Germany.
This right wing group attracted Hitler with its racist ideas about a master Aryan race and the so-called "inferior" races, such as the Slavs and especially the Jews who must be destroyed.
Of course, Nazi officials headed these new organizations, which gradually strangled freedom of speech and thought in Germany. Hitler began rebuilding and reorganizing the Party, waiting for an opportune time to gain political power in Germany. This time he would use the democratic process to gain power and then use that very democratic process to destroy itself.
German newspapers wrote that, without doubt, the Hitler-led government would try to fight its political enemies the left-wing partiesbut that it would be impossible to establish a dictatorship in Germany because there was "a barrier, over which violence cannot proceed" and because of the German nation being proud of "the freedom of speech and thought".
From 27, members inthe Party grew toin In laterich German industrialists, prompted by fear of a Communist takeover, pressured the government to make Hitler chancellor prime ministerhoping they could control him while he contained the Communists.
Such ambivalence about the fate of Jews was supported by the culture of anti-Semitism that pervaded the German public at the time.
Soon after the fighting on the front ended in November[c] Hitler returned [d] to Munich after the Armistice with no job, no real civilian job skills and no friends.
This site discusses many of the ideas contained within Mein Kampf.
For one thing, the Depression with its higher tariffs raised international tensions, which Hitler could exploit to gain popularity.The rise of the USSR and USA as superpowers was due to the Nazis.
The creation of the EU is largely due to the impact of Nazism and the realization that conflict could not.
The Great Depression was also a factor in Hitler's electoral success. The Weimar political parties failed to stop the Nazi rise. Germany's Weimar political system made it difficult for chancellors to govern with a stable parliamentary majority. (Nazi losses support) (1)Stresemann period of economic recovery (I am not going to expand on this unless specified) (1)Rise in Popularity of Nazi Party.
The most ominous development after World War I and one of the primary causes of World War II was the rise of Adolph Hitler in Germany. The Nazi rise to power had several factors starting with the end of World War!
and the Treaty of Versailles.
This treaty punished the German people so harshly that it set up the climate of rebellion and the desire for a leader who would restore German pride and the culture of invincibility. The Rise of the Nazi Party is discussed in this section of the Timeline.
Few would have thought that the Nazi Party, starting as a gang of unemployed soldiers inwould become the legal government of Germany byDownload